WATCH ANATOMY

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Common Parts of a Watch:


1. Dial: The DIAL is the face of a watch, and the most prominent feature of the time keeping piece. It is the component that you look at and notice first. The hours and minutes are indices on the dial that may be represented as Arabic numbers; Roman numerals, sticks, dots, or a combination of these options. In comparison, a digital watch displays time in digitized numerals on a screen, which is an integral part of the dial.


2. Sub Dial: SUB DIALS are smaller dials on the main dial and are used to indicate day, date, seconds or other features, such as a chronograph reading or a moon phase.


3. Case: The CASE is the protective housing that contains and connects various watch components, such as the movement, dial, glass, bezel and back cover.


4. Strap: The STRAP secures the watch on the wrist and is a key element in the design appeal of a watch. Straps are manufactured in various materials such as leather, faux leather, stainless steel, base metal, silicon, ceramic, fiber and fabric; or even precious metals like gold and silver.


5. Lugs: LUGS are extensions on the case and are used to connect the case to the watch strap, or watch bracelet.


6. Hands: The HANDS on the dial are used to indicate the hour, minute, or second and are a key element of the watch design. Watch hands can also be used to indicate a date or a day of the week. Sometimes, these hands are painted with a special material called tritium, which is like phosphorus or radium that emits light. Watches that use tritium coating are called luminescence watches.


7. Crown: The CROWN is a small wheel with a stem that is connected to the watch movement. It is used for winding a mechanical watch, or for setting the time or date on a quartz watch.


8. Pusher: A PUSHER is a push button that is protruding from the case, which is usually located near to the crown. It facilitates special functions, such as the operation of the chronograph features, or to start and end the stop watch function.


9. Crystal: The CRYSTAL is the transparent cover on top of the dial that protects the watch components from dust and water. It is also called watch GLASS. There are 3 most prevalent CRYSTAL types:


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a. Sapphire Crystal: Sapphire Crystal is a lab-made material which posesses the same hardness attributes as natural sapphire. The material is scratch-resistant to a very high degree and is the most expensive of all crystal types. However, these crystals can shatter when impacted with force and the resulting fragments can cause damage to the dial.


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b. Mineral Crystal: Mineral crystals are made of glass. The glass surface is relatively hard and provides a reasonable scratch-resistance. Mineral crystals are inexpensive and hardwearing. In contrast to sapphire crystals, scratches in the mineral crystals cannot be buffed out and are permanent.


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c. Acrylic Crystals: Acrylic Crystals are the most affordable of the crystal options, but they are also the most scratch-prone material. However, the scratches can be buffed out. The acrylic material is easy to mould, allowing for a variety of shapes to get manufactured and therefore offer greater design versatility as a sapphire or glass crystal.


10. Hourmarker: HOURMARKERS are hour indices located on the dial. These could be represented as Arabic numbers, or Roman numerals, as sticks, dots or a number of other shapes.


11. Bezel: The watch BEZEL is the ring on the case that secures the crystal. In addition to contributing to the overall aesthetics of the watch, markings on the bezel can also serve other functions of the watch, such as providing measurement indicators for other time keeping functions for special features used in diver or pilot watches.


12. Movement: The MOVEMENT is the engine of the watch that makes it work. There are three main types of watch movements in the market, namely Quartz , Automatic or Manual movement.


13. Strap Closure- Buckle/Clasp: The WATCH BUCKLE is used for connecting the two strap components that are attched to the watch 12 o’clock and 6” o’clock positions of the watch respectively. The terms buckle or clasp can be used interchangeably, though buckle is mostly used for straps and clasp for metal bracelets. The closures are of various types:


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a. Tang Closure, also called Ardillon Buckle


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b. Deployment Buckle


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c. Deployment Buckle with Push Button


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d. Fold Over Clasp


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e. Jewellery Clasp


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f. Butterfly Clasp


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g. Hidden Clasp


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h. Box Clasp


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